Anyway, the toadstools in question are, I think, bluefoot boletes (Boletus cisalpinus), so named because if cut through the base of the stalk the flesh turns blueish. They agree in every respect with the descriptions I have read, but one really needs to check the spores to be certain. In the past they would have been identified as red-cracking boletes (Boletus chrysenteron) but this group has now been split into several species. To add further to the confusion, both species have wandered in and out of the genera Boletus, Xerocomus and Xerocomellus.
The bits scattered round the bolete are the remains of sweet chestnuts eaten by squirrels or birds.
Despite the vernacular names, some authors say the bluefoot bolete has cracks on the skin of the cap (as below) whereas the red-cracking, rather paradoxically, does not. Those who want the full story might visit this web site. You have been warned!
13 November 2017. Our granddaughter was cutting the hedge today when she noticed a berry with a smaller one beside it. It is the fruit of Wilson's honeysuckle, Lonicera nitida, a popular hedging shrub originally from China that often escapes into the wild here. Our plants quite often have flowers, but we have not seen fruit before.
11 November 2017. Along Columbine Path at the edge of Killingan Wood (TQ783192) I was looking for more galls on beech leaves and noticed some small tufts where branch veins joined the midrib on the underside of one leaf. On the other side was a small bump, paler than the rest of the leaf. These would appear to be the work of another gall mite, Monochetus sulcatus which I am sure will be quite widespread despite my being able to find any records.